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Intellectual Freedom, Copyright, Plagiarism

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on January 31, 2011 at 6:45:27 pm

Intellectual Freedom:


ALA Freedom to Read- http://www.ala.org/ala/aboutala/offices/oif/statementspols/ftrstatement/freedomreadstatement.cfm


Stacey Fisher's Freedom to Read- 09fisher_freedom_to_read.doc


School Library First Principles- First Principles.doc



Copyright information regarding multimedia materials that includes: Print resource, AV resources and Electronic resources -



Carroll County Copyright-  per Library Handbook, section VIII-1

Fair Use Criteria-

  1. The purpose and character of the use (for commercial or for non-profit educational purposes)
  2. The nature of the copyrighted work (print or non-print, fiction or nonfiction).
  3. The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the whole copyrighted work (substantial amount copied)
  4. The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work (regardless if creator is denied potential income).

Classroom use of materials is considered a “nonprofit” for educational purpose and therefor is granted exception to copyright law following the first three fair use criteria standards.  Just because a particular material is being used for educational purposes does not mean it may necessarily be copied, all four fair use standards must be met. 



Howard County:


The Proper Use of Information

What is Plagiarism?

• Plagiarism is when a student takes someone else’s work and uses or claims it as their own.


• A student ‘borrows’ specific sentences from a textbook or any other resource and does not cite where they got it.

• copying and pasting from the Internet and posting somewhere else without proper citation

• putting your name on another person's essay or project

copying exact wording from another person's text

• using another person's photo, diagram, sounds, or ideas without proper citation

• purchasing another person's text and using it as your own

presenting ideas in the same format and order as your research source


How can teachers tell when you have plagiarized?

if your writing is similar or exactly like another classmates

if a project or paper doesn’t seem like a particular student’s work

if a teacher finds direct quotes that have not been cited

if a teacher checks it against one of the many online resources that provides projects or papers for money


• Consequences are determined on a case-by-case


• In middle school the minimum penalty for plagiarism is the student receiving an E in the course.

• The maximum penalty for plagiarism is the student being expelled.

Ways to avoid plagiarism

Heres a checklist:

• Did I make a list of all the books, articles, websites, and other sources I used?

• Did I keep track of which information came from which sources?

• When I used sentences just as they were in the source, did I always put quotation marks around them?

• When I summarized ideas in my own words, did I remember to give credit to the original source?

Did I ask my teacher if I was unsure of how to list a source or whether to list it?


An Example of Plagiarism

The Original Material

Somewhere, many of us got the idea that simplicity in writing is a vice- that the long word is better than the short word, that the complex phrase is superior to the simple one. The misconception is that to write simply is to be simple minded. (Ballenger, Bruce. The Curious Researcher. New York, Allyn and Bacon, 1994. p.184.)

Type of Plagiarism

Direct Copying:

There is an idea out there that simplicity in writing is a vice-- that the long word is better than the short one, that the complex phrase is superior to the simple one. The misconception is that to write simply is to be simple minded.


Most of the first sentence and the entire second sentence are copied directly from Ballenger with no quotation marks and no citation.


Many of us have the idea that simplicity in writing and speaking is a vice-that long words are better than short words, and that complex phrases are superior to simple ones. The idea is that writing simply shows means you are simple minded.



A few words are re-arranged and a few are substituted, but the idea and order of development is Ballenger's who is not cited.

Theft of an Idea:

Simplicity in writing is not a fault. The short word is better than the long word; the simple phrase is better than the more complex one. It is an error to think that one is simple minded because one writes simply.


The ideas are put in someone else's words, but they imply that they are the new author's rather than Ballenger's since

Ballenger is not cited.




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